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Aerospacelines/Boeing (Super) Guppy

A handful Boeing 377 Stratocruisers have been converted to transport parts of Airbus, NASA and others. 

 photo: F-BGTV, Airbus , Düsseldorf 01.04.95, Werner Fischdick

other flight resources: International Flights , Cheap Flights , Air Transport   Direct Service ,  Air Services


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Aerospatiale/Sud Caravelle
This elegant French jet was revolutionary and a first in many aspects. The type has disappeared from service by 2004

 photo: TC-AKA ex Istanbul Air, Istanbul 02.95, Servaas Verbrugge

other links: Caravelle club  Sudaviation , Carav. web museum, promovideo 


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Aerospatiale/BAC Concorde
This supersonic jet was operationally a modest success but fascinated the world from its first flight in 1969 til its last in 2003 and beyond.

 photo: F-BTSD Air France, Paris CDG 31.05.03, Werner Fischdick

other links: ConcordesstConcordejet  


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Aerospatiale/Sud Nord-262
The Nord 262 was a commuter prop with 29 seats built in the 1960s. Although a modest succes (110 built), a few are still in service.

 photo: TG-NTR of RACSA, Flores 05.2001  Servaas Verbrugge

other links: French Navy Nord-262A

 


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ATR-42 and 72
This French / Italian built twin prop seats between 40 and 70 passengers. With current high fuel prices, sales spead up again, now having passed the 1000 mark.

 photo: D-AEWH of Eurowings, Dusseldorf 31.07.04 Aart Langevoort

links: ATR 

 



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Aeritalia G-222 / C-27
This Italian built twin prop military transport has been built in small scale since the early 1970s, but the newest version has a decent success

 photo: MM62118 Italian AF, ETNH 06.00 Richard Wagner

 

 


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Airbus A-300
Europe's main manufacturers agreed about building a 300 seater widebody airliner together. It first flew in 1972 and after a slow start, Airbus built a whole family around this design, cargo versions were  manufactured til 2007.

 photo: TC-ONY Onur Air, Dusseldorf 31.07.04 Aart Langevoort

 

 

other links: 

 


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Airbus A-310
The shorter A-310 was a derivative of the A-300, a modest 255 have been built between 1982 and 1998, most of which are already relegated to cargo service. 

 photo: C-GVAT Air Transat, Toronto 24.06.04 Micha Lück


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Airbus A-318
The shortest version of the A-320 family flew in 2002 and after problems with the PW engine are solved, sales finally reaching 100, are still slow compared to the A-319 and A-320.

 photo: F-GUGD Air France, Amesterdam 16.03.04, Aart Langevoort

 

 

 

 

other links:  Club Airbus/French Frog

 


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Airbus A-319
The shortened A-319 first flew in 1995 as a 737/DC-9 replacement. With more then 1000 sold and also popular with Low Cost carriers, it's one of the stronger Airbus in the market now. 

 photo: 9A-CTH Croatia AL, Dusseldorf 30.07.04, Aart Langevoort


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Airbus A-320 / 321
The A-320 was the first Airbus narrowbody, flying in 1987, and the first true challenge to Boeing and MDD. Expanding this 160 seat design into smaller and longer versions, Airbus covers half of the important 100-200 seat market by the start of the 21st Century. 

 photo: A-321 C-GKOI Air Canada, Ottawa 23-6-04 Micha Lück


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Airbus A-330
In 1987, Airbus took the unusual step of announcing the joint launch of twin- and four engined airliners based on the same fuselage. The two engined A-330 has proven by now to be most successful of the couple.

 photo: D-ALPF  LTU, Dusseldorf 31.07.04 Aart Langevoort

 

 

 

 

other links: Airbus A340 website 

 


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Airbus A-340 
The four engined A-340 was to make it suitable for long range routes, but with longer ETOPS possible and increased fuel use, it hasn't been sold well since the 2000s.

 photo: LV-ZRA Aerolineas Argentinas, EZE 17-09-98, Sebastián Popovsky


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Airbus A-350, A-380 and A-400
After a slow start, the A-380 is now in regular service, while the military prop A-400 flew for the first time in 2009. The A-350 is expected to fly in 2013.

 photo: 9V-SKF, Singapore AL, Sydney 21-12-08, Werner Fischdick


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Antonov 22, 72/74 
The Antonov 22 was the biggest prop-engined airliner ever and  the 72/74 a medium sized  cargo aircraft

 photo: An-72 ES-NOI Atlantic Airlines, Coventry 11-7-05 Aart Langevoort

 

 

other links: 

 

 


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Antonov 124/125, 140, 148 
, the 124/225 is the largest aircraft now in service, the new An-140, an ATR-styled commuter prop with its future uncertain due to some crashes, and the An-148 is a new Regional Jet.

 photo: An-140 UR-14002 Aeromost, Bratislava 10.03 Servaas Verbrugge


N/A

AVIC I ARJ21
IThis Chinese regional Jet resembled the DC-9 and Boeing 717 a lot, the first flight is due in March 2008.

 

other links:


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BAe-146 and Avro RJ
Initially developed by Hawker Siddely, the 146 was powered by four low powered turbofans for operations to noise conscious areas and short runways. BAe relaunched the Avro Regional Jetliner in 1992 which meant a small revival, but production ceased in 2002.

 photo: C-GRNX Jazz, YOW 24.06.05, Micha Lück  

other links:Smiliner


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Avro / BAe/ HS- 748
The UK answer to the F-27 and other 50 seaters was the HS-748. it sold reasonably and has also been licence built in India, the last one was produced in 1988.

 photo: HR-ATC Atlantic, Tegucigalpa 14.12.04, Servaas Verbrugge

other links: HS748.com 

 


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BAe Jetstream J-31 and HP-137
More then 10 year after Handley Page produced the HP-137, BAe updated the design and built almost 400 units of this 19-seater till the mid 1990s.

 photo: ZK-JSR OriginPacific, NZL 07.2004 Micha Lück  

 

 

 

 

other links: Jetstream Club  , : Logbookmag about HP-137, Logbookmag about J-31

 

 

 


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BAe Jetstream J-41 / 4100
In 1990 a stretched 29-seat version of the Jetstream was launched. Hardly a success, in a few years, 105 frames were built before production ceased.

 photo: ZK-JSR OriginPacific, NZL 07.2004 Micha Lück  


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BAe ATP
The ATP, first flight in 1986, was an advanced and stretched version of the old HS-748, but it failed to gain comparible substantial orders.  After a struggling 10 years and 65 built, the unbuilt fuselages were sent to the scrapheap. 

 photo: G-MANP, Brisitsh AW Citiline, I O Man, 13.03.04 Thomas Klein


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BAC 1-11 / Rombac 1-11
With a production of 244 frames, this was one of the most successful British aircraft. If the energy put in Concorde was spent on stretched and reengined versions, we might have still seen it everywhere today. 

 photo: G-AZMF European Avtn, Bournemouth 03.02  Servaas Verbrugge

other links: BAC 1-11jet 

 


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DH-106 Comet / Nimrod
The Comet was the first jetliner to operate. The whole industry learned of it's crashes. The later versions were technological fine but soon outdated. The military Nimrod is based on the Comet but with newer engines.

 photo: G-BDIX ex Dan-Air, East Fortune, 30.09.01 Servaas Verbrugge

other links: Comet Homepage , Marc Schaeffers' , CometMP , Target lock: Nimrod 


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HS-121 Trident
The Hawker Siddely Trident only had limited success, 117 aircraft  were sold, that was blamed to listen too closely to BEA (later BA) 's specifications. The last Trident flight occured in 1997 in China.

 photo: G-AVXB ex BEA, Duxford 23.02.03 Servaas Verbrugge

other links: about G-AWZK 

 


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BAC / Vickers VC-10
Another British aircraft which was overshadowed by its US competitors like the 707 and DC-8. Although withdrawn from passenger service in 1981, some survive as tankers and VIP transporters with the RAF.

 photo: G-ASXC  ex BOAC, Duxford 23.02.03, Servaas Verbrugge

other links: Little VC10derness 

 


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Beech 99
The Beech 99 (15 seats) was a pioneer in the commuter market, although not built in great numbers, later designs by Embraer, Swearingen and Beech were based on this concept

 photo: N206AV Air Vegas, Las Vegas North 04.12.2002, Servaas Verbrugge

 

 

other links:

 


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Beech 1900 and 2000 Starship
This Beech 1900 (19 seats) first flew in 1982 and remained longer in production then its competitors, til 2003. The Starship was an innovative biz-plane but failed commercially has been pulled off the market. 

 photo: N1552C ACE, Anchorage 08.99, Servaas Verbrugge

beech king air
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Beech King Air 200/300/350/C-12
The Beech King Air..

 photo: (BB-42) 'the free enterprise' Beech demonstrator, photo: Beech PR

other links:  

 

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BAe-125 / Raytheon
The BAe-125

 photo: OY-MPA of Maersk, Brussels 03.1989 Werner Fischdick

other links:  

 


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Beechjet 400/Raytheon/Hawker
The Beechjet 400 series were originally developed by Mitsubishi as the Diamond 1. The military version is the T-1A Jayhawk for the USAF

 photo: TC-MHS Premier I, Dusseldorf 30.07.04 Aart Langevoort

other links:  

 


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Boeing 307 Stratoliner
Only 10 were built, of which 2 are preserved in Washington DC and Miami.

 photo: museum Washington IAD,  2010 S Verbrugge

other links:

 


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Boeing 707 and 720
The first flight of the 707 in 1954 marked the start of the jet revolution in the airline business. 

 photo: , T-95 LADE, El Palomar 01.05, Sebastián Popovsky

other links:, Airlinercafe 707 guide


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Boeing KC-135
Military KC-135 survive in bigger numbers then the 707 due to the CFM-56 reengine program, although most JT-3D engined versions are being withdrawn by 2010.

 photo: , 57-1431 USAF over Northern Germany, 09.04, Richard Wagner

other links: KC-135 str , Sentry , KC135.org


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Boeing 717 ( MD-95)
MdDonnell Douglas prepared the MD-95 as DC-9 sized modern aircraft. After Boeing took MDD over, the aircraft was remarketed as the 717 but failed to gain more then 155 orders, production ceased in 2006.

 photo: N895AT AirTran, New York LGA 01.01.05, Micha Lück

other links: B717.de 

 


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Boeing 727 - 100
The 727 first flew in 1963 and was the most succesfull jetliner for a long time. The short -100 was built til the early 1970s.

 photo: XA-SKC Aerolineas Internacionales, 12.10.00 Mexico DF, Servaas V

 

 

other links: Bensons 727's , Airplanehomes, 727datacenter 

 


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Boeing 727 - 200 
The longer 727-200 was the most successful variant and has played a major role especially in US domestic aviation in the 1970s til 1990s. About a quarter still survives mainly as cargo converted aircraft. 

 photo: 5N-BDG Chanchangi AL, Kaduna 12.03, Andrew Worthington


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Boeing 737  100 and 200 series
Boeing announced the 737 in 1965 to get a hold on the regional jetliner market, were McDonnell Douglas was successful with the DC-9. Sales were sluggish in the first 10 years but by 1980 the 737-200 advanced was the best selling aircraft. 
                                                       photo: C-FHJC Canjet, YOW 24.06.04, Micha Lück

 

 

other links: 737 technical

 

 


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Boeing 737 300, 400 and 500 series
The engines of the 200-series were becoming outdated, though, and Boeing first flew the re-engined and stretched 300 in 1984. A bigger (400) and smaller (500) counterpart followed soon. This generation outsold any competitor until the late 1990s.
                                   photo: HS-TDA 737-400 Nok Air, Udon Thani 23.09.04 Servaas Verbrugge


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Boeing 737 NG (600 to 900 and BBJ)
The Next Generation 737 was announced in 1993 and being built since 1997, it remains head to head with the A-320 family. The total 737 family reached the 6000 sold and 5000 built mark by early 2006. 

 photo: ZK-PBC 737-800 Pacific Blue, Micha Lück

other links: Puget Sounds new Boeings 

 


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Boeing 747 100 / 200 / 300
The Boeing 747 Jumbo Jet first flew in 1969. Its upperdeck was based on the idea the aircraft could easily carry on as a freighter, when it would became superfluous due to supersonic transports.

 photo: N716CK Connie Kalitta 747-122F Amsterdam 17.04.04, Aart Langevoort

 

 

 

other links: 747SP website

 

 


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Boeing 747 SP
The short bodied 747SP was a gawky niche aircraft for long distances, the 45 aircraft built have become obscure relics. 

 photo: YK-AHB Syrianair, Amsterdam 01.01.05 Aart Langevoort


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Boeing 747-400 and 800
The 747-400 variant was sold since 1988 but lately lost market share against two engined widebodies. The new longer -800 was launched in 2005 but mainly attracts interest by cargo airlines.

 photo: DQ-FJK Air Pacific, Vancouver 2004 Micha Lück


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Boeing 757-200
Together with the 767, Boeing launched this 727 follow up in 1978. It became a reasonable success especially in the USA, although production ceased in 2005. 

 photo: C-GTSN/ 803 Harmony Air, Vancouver 2004, Micha Lück

 

 

..other links: B757info 

 

 


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Boeing 757-300
The ultra stretched 757-300 came into service in the late 1990s but was too late to gain more then a few orders.

 photo: D-ABOF Condor/Thomas Cook, Dusseldorf 01.08.04 Aart Langevoort


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Boeing 767
B
oeings first widebody twin, as answer to Airbus A-300 and 310, was the 767. After a slow start, especially the 300ER series sold quite well. Production continues at a trickle by 2006.

 photo: N797AX Airborne Express, KILN 29.07.04 Matt Kluck

other links:  

 


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Boeing 777
This biggest twin jetliner in service first flew in 1994. Together with the 200ER, the stretched 300 and the 300ER (in service since 2005), the 777 is now the most popular big long range aircraft on the market. The 787 is also selling very well, first flight expected mid 2009
.

 photo: 777-200 of KLM, Amsterdam, ar 2004, Aart Langevoort

other links: 777 cockpit project  , 777 fleet page

 

Boeing 787 Dreamliner
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Boeing 787
The 787 is also selling very well. Boeing was too eager to roll out on 7-8-07 and suffered a two year delay but deliveries are finally speeding up by late 2012.

 photo: JA802A of ANA, Tokyo Haneda, nov 2011, Servaas Verbrugge

other links: All things 787

 

 C-17 of USAF
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Boeing C-17 Globemaster III
Originally built by McDonnell Douglas, this 4 engined transport jet is mainly used by the USAF, with about 230 built by early 2011.

 photo: C-17A 00-0173 of USAF, Frankfurt 2003, Werner Fischdick collection

other links 

 


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Bombardier Global Express / Continental
The Global Express was launched in 1991 and first flew in 1996, it's one of the largest business jets available, while the Continental is slightly smalle
r.

 photo: XA-NGS Auckland 09.07.04, Micha Lück

other links:  

 


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Bristol Brabazon, Britannia 
The Britannia was the only western long range turboprop airliner, but failed to sell well. 

 photo: G-AOVT ex Monarch, Duxford 23.02.03 Servaas Verbrugge

other links: Britannia 

 


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Britten Norman / Pilatus BN-2  Islander
More than 1000 of the 9 seat Islander have been built in the last 40 years with production continuing.

 photo: ZK-REA Great Barrier AL, 07.11.07, GBZ, Servaas Verbrugge

other links:  BN Historians 

 


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Britten Norman / Pilatus Trislander
A variation of the small Islander (9 seats) was the three engined Trislander (17 seats). Few of them are built and still in service.

 photo: ZK-LGR Great Barrier,  2004, Micha Lück

other links:  

 


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Canadair CL-44, CL-415
The CL-44 was a derivative of the Brisol Briannia and has been in cargo service til the end of the 20th century . The CL-415 is a turboprop engined firefighter and still in production.

 photo: EC-GBP, GBR-GBQ, CL-215s Salamanca,  17-7-07 S Verbrugge

other links: CL44

 


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Canadair Regional Jet
Canadair was experienced with their Bizjets, a strechted version of the Challenger was launched in 1991 aimed at the Regional market. While production of the 50-seaters have stopped, the 70 to 90 passenger versions still sell reasonably.

photo: HA-LNC Malev Express, Aart Langevoort

other links:  

 


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Canadair Challenger
The Challenger is a fairly large businessjet, originally based on a LearStar design. The latest versions are still in production. 

 photo: D-ANKE Challenger 604, Dusseldorf 01.08.04, Aart Langevoort

other links:  

 


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Casa / Nurtanio 212, 235, 295 
Spains Casa C-212 Aviocar has sold 430 units mainly to military operators. ;like Its follow up, the CN-235, the aircraft are licence-built by Nurtanio in Indonesia as well. The larger C-295 is only built in Spain.

 photo: Casa 235 EC-FBC Binter Mediterráneo, PMI 05.92, Werner Fischdick

other links:  

 


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Cessna Citation
The development of the Citation bizjet family started in the mid 1960s, seven subtypes are still in production today. 

 photo: CS-DHA Netjets Citation 550B, Dusseldorf 01.08.04, Aart Langevoort

other links: Citation Shares 

 


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Cessna 208 Caravan 
This big single engined aircraft is widely used since 1982, with more then 1500 built

 photo: F-OIJO Air Caraïbes, St Maarten 12.04.09 Werner Fischdick

other links:  

 


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Convair 240 , 340, 440, 580, 600
Convair built more then 1000 piston engined 240/340/440s more then 100 survive 50 years later, mostly converted with turboprops.

 photo: ZS-KSA King Salomon Airways, 2000, Micha Lück

other links:  

 


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Convair 880, 990
The Convair 880 and 990 were faster but less economical then its main competitors, the 720 and DC-8, and few were flying beyond 1980.

 photo: N8806E Convair 880, Lissabon 11.99, Servaas Verbrugge

other links: Convairjet , Convair Calamity 880 , Convair Calamity 990

 


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Curtiss C-46 Commando
The C-46 was way bigger then the DC-3 and more then 3000 were built during WW 2. Unlike the prettier DC-3, very few C-46s survive, a dozen are still airworthy.

 photo: HI-495CT ex AMSA, Santo Domingo 05.04.94, Werner Fischdick

other links:

 


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Dassault Mercure
The Mercure was a marketing failure due to its short range which made it unattractive for airlines with a route structure with longer routes -like almost all airlines. 

 photo: F-BTMD Air Inter, Paris Orly 08.04.89, Werner Fischdick

other links: 

 


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Dassault Falcon
The bizjet Falcon is still in production though.

 photo: C-GMND Falcon 900C, YOW 24.06.04 Micha Lück

other links: Falcon 

 


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DHA-3A Drover
The Australian built Drover.

 photo: tba

other links:

 


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DHC-2 Beaver, DHC-3 Otter
De Havilland Canada made more then 2000 single engined water planes, most of them still serve after more then 40 to 60 years.

photo: N753AK at 16.07.08 Juneau, AK, Werner Fischdick

other links: DHC-2 Beaver, DHC-3 Otter


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DHC-4 Cariboo, DHC-5 Buffalo  and DHC-7
The Buffalo was a turboprop engined follow up to the DHC-4 Cariboo military transport aircraft. The DHC-7 was a STOL 50 seater, the final four engined propellor passenger plane ever. Both were moderate succeses with production around 115.                                          photo: OY-CBU DHC-7 Greenland Airways 04.11.05 Calgary, Bill Knight

 

: other links:  DHC-4 and DHC-5

 

other links: Twin Otter Int , TwinOtterSpotter

 

 


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DHC-6 Twin Otter
The bigger two turboprop engined version of the Otter is a timeless commuter transport. Almost 40 years after its first flight, most are still flying in less developed areas. 

 photo: '605' West Coast Air, Vancouver 2004, Micha Lück


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DHC-8  100 / 200 / 300
The 2-engined commuter with versions of 37 or 50 seats proved to be a successful commuter aircraft. Launched in 1983, it is still being built by 2006. 

 photo: N835EX US Airways Express, New York LGA 01.01.05 Micha Lück


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DHC-8 / Dash 8-400
The stretched version of the DHC-8 for up to 76 seats is a slow but steady seller but can't manage to catch up with the fenomenal sale of the ATR. It's now the only version of the '8 still in production.

 photo: LN-RDI, SAS, Copenhagen 09.04.04 Aart Langevoort

eclipse EC-LHV at Palma, 2011
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Douglas DC-1, DC-2, DC-3 Dakota, C-117, Li-2
The DC-3 is the most important airliner ever built. With a production of almost 12.000 aircraft plus more in Russia, more then 100 are still airworthy even almost 80 years after its first flight.

 photo: DC-3 N431HM (9995), privately owned, Salzburg 05.07.14 Servaas Verbrugge

download2

other links:  

 


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Douglas DC-4 / C-54 Skymaster
The first of the big Douglas four engined pistons was mainly built for the US Air Force during the 2nd World War.

 photo: PH-DDS Dutch Dakota Association, Amsterdam 05.11.00 Servaas Verbrugge

 

 

other links: spirit of freedom

 


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Douglas DC-6 / C-118 and DC-7
The first of the big Douglas four engined pistons was mainly built for the US Air Force during the 2nd World War.

 photo: EC-ATR DC-7 ex Spantax, Gran Canaria, 04.01.00 Servaas Verbrugge


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McDonnell Douglas DC-8
Douglas answer to Boeings 707 was the DC-8. It first flew in 1958. Both aircraft shared the position of main intercontinental trunk airliner till the Jumbo's became popular.

 photo: 9XR-SC Silverback Cargo, Amsterdam 01.01.05 Aart Langevoort

other links: DC-8.org , DC-8 gothard

 


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McDonnell Douglas DC-9
The DC-9, designed in the early 1960s, is the grandfather of a twin jet family which is built till 2006. Some earlier DC-9s are still in service

 photo: ZS-NNN Sun Air, Lanseria 26.02.04 Servaas Verbrugge

 

 

 

other links: DC-9.com ,. MD-80.netInternational MD-80 forum , Dustin's MD-80 pageAirlinercafe DC-9 guide

 

 


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McDonnell Douglas MD-80
The follow up of the DC-9, the stretched DC-9-81, had a production run of almost 1200 but is now slowly disappearing from service

 photo: N828NK Spirit Air, New York LGA, 01.01.05 Micha Lück


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McDonnell Douglas MD-90
The modernized MD-80, a slightly stretched and reengined MD-90, was too late and had some snags preventing it to be ordered and built in significant numbers.

photo: LN-DOA SAS, Copenhagen 09.04.04 Aart Langevoort


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McDonnell Douglas DC-10
The Douglas DC-10 first flew in 1970. Hampered with some early design flaws and lots of bad publicity because of some crashes, the DC-10 turned out to be the better seller compared to Lockheeds rival
.

 photo: 9G-ANE Ghana Airways, Dusseldorf 31.07.04 Aart Langevoort

 

 

other links: dc-10.netmd-eleven.net , MD-11.org , Airlinercafe DC-10 guide

 


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McDonnell Douglas MD-11
The performance of the late 80s MD-11 lacked compared to what MDD promised, although the 200 built are now popular freighters.

 photo: PH-MCU Martinair, Amsterdam 16.03.04 Aart Langevoort


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Dornier 27 and 28 Skyservant
The single engined Do-27 was the first mass produced German airliner after the 2nd World War. The two engined Do-28 later developed into the 228.

 

photo: PK-LTU Do-28D, Denpasar 05.05 Werner Fischdick collection

 

other links:   www.do27.com

other links:  


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Dornier 228
Dornier launched its 19 seater in the early 80s. It had modest success both with airlines and airforces. Production in Germany came to a standstill with 247 frames but continues in licence in India. 

 photo: D-ILWB LGW, Dusseldorf 31.07.04 Aart Langevoort


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Dornier 328 prop and Jet
The development of the Fairchild-Dornier Do-328 turboprop commuter plane started in 1988. The roll out was in 1991 and the plane was developed for 30-40 passengers. With the bankruptcy of Dornier, production came to a halt

 photo: G-BWWT Scot Airways, Amsterdam 11.06.04 Aart Langevoort

eclipse EC-LHV at Palma, 2011
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Eclipse Aviation 500 VLJ
The small and light Eclipse bizjet project collapsed during the 2008 crisis. Still already about 270 were built in less then three preceding years.  

 photo: Eclipse EC-LHV at Palma de Mallorca, summer 11, collection Werner Fischdick.

other links:  

 


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Embraer 110 Bandeirante
Embraer had international success with it's 19 seater commuter Bandeirante, which first flew in 1968 and remained in production till 1990. It was the main competitor against the DHC-6 and Metro.
 

 photo: ZK-FTS Air Raro, Rarotonga 07.07.04 Micha Lück

 

  

 

 

 

other links: Emb 145 study guide ,  embjets.net (about 170/190 family)

 


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Embraer 120 Brasilia
Embraer launched its fairly successful 30 seater Brasilia in 1983 as logical addition to the 110 Bandeirante (19 seats). Production stopped recently at 359 frames.
                                                               photo: N393SW Skywest/United Express, SFO 17.02.01  Servaas Verbrugge


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Embraer 135/140
Two slightly shorter versions of the successful E-145 family, with 35 and 40 seats respectively.

 photo: N718AE E-135 American Eagle, New York LGA 01.01.05 Micha Lück


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Embraer 145
As a response to the popular Canadair Regional Jet, Embraer launched a stretched jet-version of the Emb-120 turboprop. After a difficult designing stage; the wing mounted engines didn't work out, it became a success. 
                                                                               
 photo: N258JO E-145 US Airways Express, Greensboro 18.12.03, Micha Lück


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Embraer 170 , 190
After interest in 40-50 seater jets faded somewhat, Embraer became the leading small commercial jet manufacturer with a good selling 70 to 120 seat family with wing mounted engines.

 photo: EI-DFI Alitalia Express, Dusseldorf 31.07.04 Aart Langevoort


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Fairchild F-27 / FH-227
Fairchild licence produced the popular Dutch F-27 Friendship, but only sold about 200 of them.

 photo: HR-ASR Aerolineas Sosa, La Ceiba 13.12.04, Servaas Verbrugge

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

other links: FH-227 whistle pig , F-27 association

 

 

other links: VFW-614.de                   

 

 

 

the VFW-614 is at:  


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Fokker F-27 Friendship
The F-27 Friendship first flew in 1955. It immediately attracted attention by airlines and airforces worldwide. Maybe the F-27 family was the closest thing to the ideal replacement of the DC-3.

 photo: G-CEXA Channel Expr, Bournemouth 16.03.02,  Servaas Verbrugge


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Fokker F-28 Fellowship
The Dutch manufacturer decided to build the 65 pax twinjet F-28 Fellowship (later stretched to 85 pax) in the mid sixties. It had an appeal in underdeveloped countries with its rugged structure.

 photo: ZS-XGX AirQuarias/SAA, Capetown 19.02.04, Servaas Verbrugge


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Fokker 50
Fokker built the Fokker 50 as re-engined follow up of the successful F-27 Friendship. After a reasonable orderbook start right after 1986, sales lagged behind the ATR-42 and DASH-8.

 photo: SE-LIP Skyways, Copenhagen 08.04.04, Aart Langevoort


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Fokker 70/100
The Fokker 100, an up-to date re-engined development of the Fokker F-28 Fellowship, made it's first flight in 1986. The shorter F-70 became a success but couldn't save Fokker from bankruptcy.

 photo: D-AGPK Air Berlin, Düsseldorf 31.07.04 Aart Langevoort


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Fokker  / VFW-614
The first regional jet, 44 seats, perhaps came 25 years too early. Only a handful were sold, and it was a reason why the cooperation between Fokker and VFW (West Germany) failed.

 photo: D-BABC, VFW proto/demo, Düsseldorf 02.02.74, Werner Fischdick


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GAF Nomad
The sole Australian airliner, with max. seatcapacity of 19 passengers, had a modest success with about 170 built. 

 photo: ZK-NAD Air Tours, Kaikoura 28.06.92 Micha Lück

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Gulfstream I / G-159 and Grumman G73 Mallard
The G-159, fitted with two Dart turboprops, was aimed at the business market but has also seen some airliner service. Some of the 200 built are still in service. 

 photo: N190PA , London Gatwick 11.06.94 Servaas Verbrugge

other links: G-159 historical research museum  

 


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Gulfstream II, III, IV, V Jet
This high end business jet has seen a production run so far of over 1000.

 photo: HB-JEQ, G-450 Geneve 05.05.2006, Aart Langevoort

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Handley Page Herald
The Herald first flew as four engined piston aircraft. The production version resembled the F-27 but lacked the succes of the competion, only 50 were built in the late 1950s and 60s. None are now flying.

 photo: , G-CEXP, ex Channel Expr, LGW 03.10.2001, Servaas Verbrugge

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IAI Arava
This small prop aircraft, the only airliner Israel has produced (so far) was mainly bought by airforces and has hardly seen passenger service.

 photo: 4X-IAJ due for Ecuadorian Army, 1974, photo IAI, via J. Visschedijk

 

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IAI Westwind / Galaxy / Gulfstream 100-200
The IAI Jet series consist of a line of mid sized business jets. IAI and Galaxy were taken over by Gulfstream Aerospace around 2000. elegant aircraft was revolutionary and a first in many aspects. 

 photo: IAI Westwind 1124 N240WW, 1978, photo IAI, via J. Visschedijk

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Ilyushin 14 , 18
While the Electra lacked appeal compared to the early jets, communists could choose efficiency over consumer preferences, and built the comparible Il-18 as their main medium hauler. 

 photo: Il-18 HA-MOA ex Malev, Budapest 08.08.03, Servaas Verbrugge

 

 

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Ilyushin 62, 86, 96, 114
The first long range jet of the Soviet Union with the same performance as the DC-8/707s was surprisingly similar as the British VC-10. The jumbo Il-86 and 96 haven't gained the same popularity. 

photo: RA-86129 Il-86 Transaero, Moscow SVO, 27-04-2000, Artem Solomatime 


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Learjet
The Learjet series found their roots in 1963 with the Lear 23. Gates Lear was acquired by Bombardier in 1990. 

 photo: D-CURT Air Traffic, Düsseldorf 30.07.04, Aart Langevoort

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Lockheed L-049/749/1049/1649 Constellation
This aircraft was maybe not the most successful but the most beautiful long haul aircraft of the 1950s. Few survive with preservation groups.

 photo: CF-RNR, ex Trans Canada AL , Toronto, 16-02-05, Micha Lück

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Lockheed L-188 Electra
The Electra, even while only 170 were built, still flies cargo 45 years later. The military P-3 version is built in much greater numbers til as late as 2000,  it is not featured on this site, but see the link.

 photo: N1968R Reeve Aleutian, Sand Point Alaska 19.08.99, S Verbrugge

other links: P-3 Orion Research


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Lockheed L-1011 Tristar
Lockheed tried to regain a position on the commercial market with this widebody, but Douglas outsold Lockheed almost twice with the similar DC-10. 

 photo: N1734D Delta, Ft Lauderdale 04-07-99, Servaas Verbrugge

other links: German L1011 site , Delta L1011 homestead , tristar500.net

Lockheed L-500 Galaxy (C-5)

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Lockheed L-500 Galaxy
Lockheed built 131 of this huge military transport, all for the USAF

 photo: 60011 USAF, Tokyo Haneda 05.04.2012, Werner Fischdick

other links: German L1011 site , Delta L1011 homestead , tristar500.net


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Lockheed L-1329 Jetstar
Lockheed produced the first biz jet, the four engined Jetstar. Also famous from James Bond movies. 

 photo: SU-DAH, ZAS of Egypt, Amsterdam 30-04-89, Werner Fischdick

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Martin Mars
The Martin Mars is the biggest water aircraft, with two still airworthy. 

 photo: C-FLYL, Sproat Lake 07.05,  Werner Fischdick collection

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M-404
The M-404 is recently added, contains the full histories of all aircraft. This Convair lookalike sadly doesn't fly anymore.

 photo: M-404 N40438 Nevada Airlines, Las Vegas 13.09.79 Werner Fischdick

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NAMC YS-11
The only Japanese airliner was the YS-11, a sturdy design with a good safety record. While production ceased in 1974 with only 182 built, it remains in small scale service in mainly Japan and the Philippines.

 photo: RP-C2015 Asian Spirit, Tagbilaran 14.09.03, Servaas Verbrugge

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Piaggio
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Pacific Aerospace PAC750XL
The Pacific Aerospace PAC750 is a rare New Zealand built aircraft, in prioduction since 2001 and used as geosurvey aircraft.

 photo: N902ST , Deland FL 31.12.11 Werner Fischdick

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Piaggio
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Piaggio P.180 Avanti
The Piaggio Avanti is an Italian twin turboprop for nine passengers. The unusual design places the wing behind and above the canard-like horizontal stabilizers and the engines in a pusher configuration.

 photo: N180MX private, Mönchengladbach 23.10.11 Werner Fischdick

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Pilatus PC-12
The Pilatus PC-12 is a single-engine turboprop passenger and cargo aircraft manufactured by Pilatus aircraft  of Switzerland . The main market for the aircraft is corporate transport and regional airliner operators. See right for PC-6 website.

 photo: HB-FOU (cn 368) Munich 08.2001, Karl Krämer

other links:  PC-6 Porter website by Markus Herzig, so we don't need to feature this aircraft

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Raytheon 390 premier / Hawker / HS-125
The HS-125 started out as De Havilland design. Raytheon purchased the BAe Business Jets division in 1993, the model 390 Premier is the first product of the Raytheon/Hawker combine. 

 photo: N845QS Netjets, Hawker 800XP , DUS 30.08.04, Aart Langevoort

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Reims Cessna F406 Caravan
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Rockwell Aero Commander
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Rockwell Aero Commander-690/695
This file contains the Aero Commander-Rockwell-Gulfstream 690/695 Turbo Commander series and also the different Fuji/Rockwell Commander 700 family

 photo: D-IHSI, Düsseldorf 09.11.1997, Werner Fischdick

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Saab 340
The Swedish military planebuilder approached the commercial market in 1983 with the 33 seat SF-340, at first together with the US Fairchild. 

 photo: ZK-NLR Air Nelson, Nelson 08.08.04, Micha Lück

 

 

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Saab 2000
The later Saab 2000 (45 seats) proved to be expensive to buy and operate. Its role was already to be taken over by the more popular regional jets. Saab stopped building the 340 and 2000 in 1999.

 photo: YR-SBC Carpatair DUS 30.07.04, Aart Langevoort


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Sabreliner 
The Sabreliner was an early bizjet, military... etc  

 

photo: FAE049 Ecuadorian Air Force, Quito 5-1-2000, Werner Fischdick

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Shorts Belfast, Skyvan, Sh-330
For decades, the Northern -Irish airplane-builder Short made ruggish but reliable propellor-aircraft. Of the unique Belfast, a bigger brother of the Hercules, only 10 were built.

 photo: OY-MUB, Muk Air, Aalborg 12.06.00, Servaas Verbrugge

 

 

other links: Pink Skyvan

 


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Shorts 360
Production of the 330 and 360 ceased in 1991, when Short decided to concentrate on airplane- components for other manufacturers. This boxy aircraft still flies cargo and passengers here and there.

 photo: HR-IAP Islena, La Ceiba, 13.12.2004, Servaas Verbrugge

Socata TBM
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Socata TBM700, TBM850 & TBM900 
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photo: LX-JFF TBM700, Munich, 13.05.2011 Werner Fischdick

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Sukhoj Super Jet
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Sukhoi Regional Jet 
Russia wants to regain interest from airlines beyond the C.I.S. hemisphere in this 60-90 pax regional jet. The first orders are coming in by late 2005, first flight was in 2008.
 

 

photo: RA-89005 Aeroflot (in Skyteam cs), SVO, 12.07.2012, Werner Fischdick

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Swearingen / Fairchild Metro and Merlin 
More then 1000 of this sleek 19 seater commuter and VIP aircraft have been built between 1967 and 2000.

 photo: C-FYWG Bearskin, YOW, 24.06.2004, Micha Luck

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Tupolev 134 and 144
The Soviet's answer to the early short-haul jets DC-9, BAC 1-11 and Caravelle was the Tupolev 134. It flew in 1963 and was extensively used in the USSR and exported to Eastern European countries.

 photo: RA-85767 Tu-154M Pulkovo Aviation, DUS 31.07.04 A. Langevoort

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Tupolev 154, 204, 214, 334
Tupolev designed a lot of other aircraft of which only a few are built (till now). Featured too in the data are the Tu-144 "Concordski", the 757-copy Tu-204, which is meant to replace the 154, the shorter 214 and 100 seat 234.

 photo: SU-EAF Tu-204 Cairo Avtn, Madrid 04.02.05, Aart Langevoort

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Vickers Vanguard
This 100 seater turboprop was only sold to BEA and Trans Canada, but cargo versions soldiered on til the mid 1990s.

 photo: G-APEP, ex Air Bridge, Brooklands Weybridge 03.03, S Verbrugge

other links: vickersvanguard.net

 


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Vickers Viscount
The Viscount was the first turboprop airliner, with 444 built one of the biggest UK successes in aviation. The aircraft has all but disappeared from service

 photo: G-APEY, HeliJet, London Luton 23.11.1997, Servaas Verbrugge

other links: Gilberts page , Viscount G-APIM , vickersviscount.net


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Yakovlev Yak-42
The Yak-42 was a 120 seat aircraft designed in the late 70s and meant to replace Tu-134s and Il-18s in service with Aeroflot. An early accident lowered the pace of introduction and less than 200 were built.

 photo: RA-42415 opf Karat, Ljubljana, Pavel Barabas

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Yunshui / Harbin / Hafei Yun-12 and Y-7/MA-60
The Y-12 is the first full Chinese designed airliner which is built in fair numbers and exported. An estimated 150 are built so far of this 17 seater. The MA-60 is developed out of the An-24 and Y-7.

 photo: RDPL-34129 Laos Airlines, Vientiane May 6 2006, Servaas Verbrugge

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